Car accident injuries can affect various parts of the body. The most common locations are head, neck, and back injuries, but other areas include upper and lower extremities as well as other areas. The following are some common injuries and symptoms for auto accident injuries:
Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force traumatically injuries the brain; this can happen in auto accidents. TBI is a complex injury with a broad spectrum of symptoms and disabilities. TBI is classified based on severity and encompasses a board spectrum of aliments including loss of consciousness, memory, and impairment of functionality. The categories for TBI include mild and severe. The longer term effects of this injury can vary from changes in work or social aspects to long term rehabilitation.
The most common type of neck injury from an auto accident is whiplash, which includes pain in the neck, shoulders, head, or base of the skull. Whiplash can be recovered from in a few weeks, but some individuals develop chronic pain from this injury. The symptoms for whiplash include blurry vision, weakness, poor concentration or memory, limited range of motion and ringing in the ears. Treatment for these type of injuries include rehabilitative therapy with a chiropractor or physical therapist or medical physicians.
Back injuries are very common in auto accidents as well. Intervertebral disks, as listed above can occur in the mid and lower back as well, including the thoracic and lumbar spine regions. Disk bulging can cause spinal cord compression that can lead to permanent disability in some cases. Diagnosis for such aliments occurs with CT and MRI scans of the back to check for any displacement. Symptoms include arm or leg weakness, numbness, tingling or even difficulty breathing. Inflammation and pain can occur in the back, much the same as whiplash occurs in the neck, with a sudden loss of momentum. Treatment from such aliments occurs from rehabilitative therapy with a medical physician as well as prescription medication. In more severe cases injections can be given by pain management professionals to the affected area for relief.
Upper and Lower Extremities
Upper extremities affected areas include shoulder, arms, wrists, hands and fingers. Types of injuries to these body parts include fractures and broken bones, which are quite common in auto accidents. Lower extremity affected areas include hip, legs, knees, ankles, and feet. Injuries are the same for this section of the body, which include fractures and broken bones as well tendon injuries. Treatment includes rehabilitative therapy, prescription medications, and possible casts or splints for the affected area. In severe cases, individuals will need surgical treatment for their injuries.